Her fears proved prescient. Thus they have the full right to profess and practice Catholicism, without being exposed to any pressure direct or indirect … It is clear that the prospect of the two boys’ ‘reeducation’ to Judaism would be in contrast with these premises.” The article then took a swipe at France’s Jewish community. In fact, Herzog sought a public call for the release of all Jewish children being kept from their families. Meanwhile, in France, Mother Antonine, afraid that the upcoming court ruling would go against them, had her own sister take the Finaly boys to a Catholic boarding school more than 500 kilometers from Grenoble, in Bayonne, near the Spanish border, and register them under false names. By this time, Cardinal Gerlier was growing uneasy about the position in which he found himself. [24], The Vatican Apostolic Archive has been estimated to contain 85 kilometres (53 mi) of shelving, with 35,000 volumes in the selective catalogue alone.[25]. It was not the “religious” aspects of the case that were preventing the boys’ return, it asserted, but political issues, “insofar as the two boys can consider themselves to be refugees who have invoked the right of exile.” On April 28, Montini sent the text of the article to the nuncio in Bern, with the instruction that he “examine how to have the press of that Nation publish the news contained in the Note, obviously without them knowing its origin.”. That there might have been a link between the centuries of Church demonization of the Jews and the ability of people who thought of themselves as Catholics to murder Jews seems never to have crossed his mind. As was customary, the cardinals turned first to their group of consultants. In the eyes of both Montini and the pope, there was one man viewed as the Secretariat of State’s expert on all Jewish questions. The proposed Vatican statement argued that Mussolini’s racial laws, instituted five years earlier, had successfully kept the Jews in their proper place, and as a result there was no need for any violent measures to be taken against them. Half of these have already been put in digital form for easier consultation. The Spanish monks hiding the boys, Cardinal Gerlier wrote Rome, were still claiming that the pope was not eager to see them returned. This resulted in some loss of items. The only complaint Pius XII made about Italy’s anti-Semitic laws was the unfairness of applying them to Jews who had converted to Catholicism. [7] The disparate archives of the rival papal claimants were not fully reunited in the Vatican's archives until 1784. For many more months, Marguerite tried every avenue she could to retrieve her nephews. “We will give it all our attention,” the pope had said, asking that his visitor send him “some statistics” on the matter. Here’s an example: This is, officially, “Urb.lat.1, (the document’s codifier) Volume 9, devoted to how the Holy See sought to help the victims of the war in the year 1943, contains 492 documents. And yet, he concluded, the proposed agreement did not provide the guarantees the Church was looking for. David I. Kertzer: What the Vatican’s secret archives are about to reveal. The confidentiality of the material means that, in spite of the centuries that have passed since 1564, special rules apply to its publication. [40], Former seal of the Vatican Apostolic Archive, Uprisings, revolts, and the Western Schism (1085–1415), Some records are now held by the library of, Documents relating to Galileo were stolen from the Paris archive by the, Von Sickel studied the letter in which the, Actes et documents du Saint Siège relatifs à la Seconde Guerre Mondiale, Archive of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, "Apostolic Letter in the form of a Motu proprio for the change of the name of the Vatican Secret Archive to the Vatican Apostolic Archive, 28.10.2019", "Vatican archive will no longer be 'secret' but apostolic", "Making the Invisible Visible: The Secret Vatican Archives", "Controlling the Archives: The Requisition, Removal, and Return of the Vatican Archives during the Age of Napoleon", "The Politics of Leo XIII's Opening of the Vatican Archives: The Ownership of the Past", "Palazzo del Sant'Uffizio: The Opening of the Roman Inquisition's Central Archive", "Vatican Archivists Rush to Declassify WWII Documents", "The Vatican opens its Secret Archives to dispel Dan Brown myths", "Pope authorizes thorough study of Vatican archives into ex-Cardinal McCarrick scandal", "Pope authorizes study of Vatican archives into McCarrick scandal", "Address of His Holiness Pope Francis to Officials of the Vatican Secret Archive", "The Shift in the Vatican Secret Archives", "Pius XII: Pope to open Holocaust-era archives", "Nothing mysterious about Vatican archives, official says", "What's hidden in the Vatican Secret Archives? 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