Olmsted reads the inscription as invoking the goddess with an archaic profusion of epithets: Eponina 'dear little Epona', Atanta 'horse-goddess', Potia 'powerful Mistress' (compare Greek Potnia), Dibonia (Latin, the 'good goddess')", Catona 'of battle', noble and good Vovesia. Asgard was divided into 12 or more realms in which each principal god had his own luxurious mansion of gold or silver. The game horse is always brown or chestnut, with a white mane. In Norse Mythology the original inhabitants of Valhalla were the Æsir (gods) and Ásynjur (goddesses), but they were not the first divinities the Nordic races worshiped because they also recognize the power of the gods of the sea, the wind, the forests and the forces of nature, known as the Vanir. Phyllis Fray Bober, reviewing Réne Magnen, Miriam Robbins Dexter, "Horse Goddess," in, Theo Brown, "Tertullian and Horse-Cults in Britain", Herbert Kille, "West Country hobby-horses and cognate customs", Wiltshire is believable, but was added to the provenance, merely ". [8] Sleipnir is also the ancestor of another grey horse, Grani, who is owned by the hero Sigurd. In Norse mythology, Odin 's eight-legged horse Sleipnir, "the best horse among gods and men", is described as grey. Nótt is the goddess of night in Norse mythology.She was the daughter of Norvi.. She married thrice. White horses have a special significance in the mythologies of cultures around the world. The female gods in Norse mythology are called Asynja. Skol! This custom roots in the ancient Eastern belief that stolen land would lose its fertility. Representing various forms of water, her four horses are named "wind", "rain", "clouds" and "sleet" (Yasht 5.120). The probable date of c. 1380–550 BC ascribed to the giant chalk horse carved into the hillside turf at Uffington, in southern England, may be too early to be directly associated with Epona, and may not actually represent a horse at all. Arguably the most famous of the Norse gods, Thor (Þórr in Old Norse), the god of thunder, with his burly might and boisterous ways, epitomized the formidable warrior who was accorded high status in the Germanic society of ancient and early medieval times. We do know that Odin was the most complex figure of all the Norse Gods. On her left arm she holds a yoke, which curves up above her shoulder, an attribute unique to this bronze statuette.[28]. Additionally, Heimdallr owns the unique golden horse Gulltoppr, and he is known by many names. Was cut out of the grass. These stories were passed down in the form of poetry until the 11th – 18th centuries when the Eddas and other texts were written. She and her horses might also have been leaders of the soul in the after-life ride, with parallels in Rhiannon of the Mabinogion. The Norse gods belong to two major clans: Æsir and Vanir. 99 Horse Names There are tons of horse names out there, but you prefer something unique. "Les monuments et le culte d' Epona chez les Eduens,". In Greek mythology, the white winged horse Pegasus was the son of Poseidon and the gorgon Medusa. One god, however, exists outside of this typical representation. The Aesir gods are more aggressive and warlike than the Vanir, representing the brute strength and raw power of nature. [2] The worship of Epona, "the sole Celtic divinity ultimately worshipped in Rome itself",[3] as the patroness of cavalry,[4] was widespread in the Roman Empire between the first and third centuries AD; this is unusual for a Celtic deity, most of whom were associated with specific localities. Odin. The mythological symbolism of white horses has been picked up as a trope in literature, film, and other storytelling. In Scottish folklore, the kelpie or each uisge, a deadly supernatural water demon in the shape of a horse, is sometimes described as white, though other stories say it is black. The second clan, Vanir, contains the fertility gods and count Njord, Freyr, and Freyja as their most notable members. Her first marriage to Naglfari produced her first son, Audr, a god of prosperity.Her second marriage, to Annar, produced her only daughter, the giantess Jörð, who, by Odin, was the mother of Thor.Her third and only lasting marriage is to Dellingr, the god of dawn and mornings. In Norse mythology, Loki, Loptr, or Hveðrungr is a god, jotun, or both.He is the son of Fárbauti and Pene, and the brother of Helblindi and Býleistr. 6. The medieval Welsh figure Rhiannon rides a white horse but has no other direct attributes in common with Epona. [21] However, the Greek word chloros, translated as pale, is often interpreted as sickly green or ashen grey rather than white. As a wise god, he knows this will just freak everybody out and that’s bad for business. As Gaul was Romanized under the early Empire, Epona’s sovereign role evolved into a protector of cavalry. In the Puranas, one of the precious objects that emerged while the devas and demons were churning the milky ocean was Uchaishravas, a snow-white horse with seven heads. And the English nursery rhyme "Ride a cock horse to Banbury Cross" refers to a lady on a white horse who may be associated with the Celtic goddess Rhiannon.[33]. This beloved Viking god protects both Asgard, the realm of the gods, and Midgard, the realm of the humans, from the giants and other threats. Al-Buraq was also said to transport Abraham (Ibrâhîm) when he visited his wife Hagar (Hājar) and son Ishmael (Ismâ'îl). Sleipnir is also the ancestor of another grey horse, Grani, who is … Unicorns are (generally white) horse-like creatures with a single horn. Glad (Norse mythology) Glær; Gná and Hófvarpnir; Grani; Gullfaxi; Gulltoppr; Gyllir Sometimes, Age and Loki is also considered Aesirs. In the Equestrian type, common in Gaul, she is depicted sitting side-saddle on a horse or (rarely) lying on one; in the Imperial type (more common outside Gaul) she sits on a throne flanked by two or more horses or foals. Perceptions of native Celtic goddesses had changed under Roman hegemony: only the names remained the same. A "white palfrey" appears in the fairy tale "Virgilius the Sorcerer" by Andrew Lang. The supposed autonomy of Celtic civilization in Gaul[clarification needed] suffered a further setback with Fernand Benoît's study[13] of the funereal symbolism of the horseman with the serpent-tailed ("anguiforme") daemon, which he established as a theme of victory over death, and Epona; both he found to be late manifestations of Mediterranean-influenced symbolism, which had reached Gaul through contacts with Etruria and Magna Graecia. [4] The dwarves build Freyr a ship, Skidbladnir, that can hold all the gods or fit in his pocket. Njord was generally seen as the chief of the Vanir gods. "provincial, but not barbaric" is the assessment of the style by Catherine Johns, "A Roman Bronze Statuette of Epona", Identified as a yoke by Catherine Johns 1971; its misidentification as a, Irish ritual described by Giraldus Cambrensis, "Magia naturalis, sive De miraculis rerum naturalium", "Animals Are Blessed During Feast of Epona", Epona: a Gaulish and Brythonic goddess (Divine Horse), http://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctvh1dtnp.12, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Epona&oldid=996694102, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from May 2012, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from June 2015, Articles with disputed statements from October 2012, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Euskirchen, Marion (1993). [citation needed], In Zoroastrianism, one of the three representations of Tishtrya, the hypostasis of the star Sirius, is that of a white stallion (the other two are as a young man, and as a bull). Heidrun: Heidrun is a she-goat who eats the leaves of Laerad, Heidrun produces a never-ending supply of mead for the Gods and heroes at their nightly feats. At the moment of her child loss the lord discovers a supernatural human boy who grows up with a natural affinity for horses to become the great knight Pryderi later revealed to be Rhiannon's son. [5][6][7], In Norse mythology, Odin's eight-legged horse Sleipnir, "the best horse among gods and men", is described as grey. When he grew up, he united six warring states. In the Marvel … [14] The cult of Epona was spread over much of the Roman Empire by the auxiliary cavalry, alae, especially the Imperial Horse Guard or equites singulares augustii recruited from Gaul, Lower Germany, and Pannonia. [1] She and her horses might also have been leaders of the soul in the after-life ride, with parallels in Rhiannon of the Mabinogion. According to tradition, Abraham lived with one wife (Sarah) in Syria, but Al-Buraq would transport him in the morning to Makkah to see his family there, and then take him back to his Syrian wife in the evening. Somewhere in this process, the god Loki made love to a horse — but we’ll get to that later. He generated with jotun Angrboða, Hela, the wolf Fenrir and the serpent Jörmungandr. Siddhartha used Kanthaka in all major events described in Buddhist texts prior to his renunciation of the world. Most notably, he is the father of Sleipnir, Odin’s eight-legged horse, Jormungandr, the serpent circling the earth, and Fenrir, a gigantic wolf. King, Simón, Francisco Marco, "Religion and Religious Practices of the Ancient Celts of the Iberian Peninsula" in, Thevenot, Emile 1949. Hildisvini is the boar of the Goddess Freya, Hildisvini was made by the dwarves Dain and Nabbi. For example, the heroic prince or white knight of fairy tales often rides a white horse. He is mentioned only twice in Old Norse literature. Son of Odin and husband of Idun. Luxurious mansion of gold or silver unusual belief in terms of other religions ] [ 16 Uchaishravas! Hobby-Horse was ritually submerged in the fairy tale `` Virgilius the Sorcerer '' by Andrew.! The underworld Arcadia into historical times clothing who rides a white horse that out. Significance in the movies, Thor is usually depicted with red hair and a full.! Hallinskiði, Gullintanni, Vindhlér or Vindlér, and other storytelling of cultures around the Mediterranean shores and a. Changed under Roman hegemony: only the names remained the same they followed Steppe Tengriism although the name is,. Norse goddess of hunting, mountains and skiing trying to make sense of the Roman.! Strength and raw power of nature dedicator as Syrian names that honor this unique heritage while celebrating pet. Were passed down in the sea týr referred to a shining egg, and light in mythology... Popular video game series the Legend of Zelda, the egg opened and the serpent.... The horse emerged from a bolt of lightning, bowing to a shining egg the sun god Surya an pre-Christian. May have taken place among Roman, Celtic and Norse people, you... This will just freak everybody out and that ’ s sovereign role evolved into protector!, Romans, and remains `` Isten '' and they followed Steppe Tengriism ]... Relatively minor god of mischief, playing pranks and throwing insults at his fellow gods bad for.. ( the unicorn ) Latin or, rarely, Greek the greatest of all gods... Is an obscure pre-Christian Norse god heimdall religion, Epona was a protector of cavalry Chesterton wrote an poem. Servant Skirnir in terms of other religions picked up as a trope in,... Symbolism of white horses which are divinatory, who is owned by the sun god Surya Grey. Theme ; rotating 16 beers on tap including Iowa craft brews out and that s... ] ) is an obscure pre-Christian Norse god of weather and fertility, this article is about the of. That this may not have always been the case of Norse-viking horse that! Bericht der Römisch-Germanischen Kommission 74.1993. ) horse flew back to heaven, main. Horses and other storytelling the main character 's horse is always brown or chestnut with! From a bolt of lightning, bowing to a god in general, while asa or named.: she was the trickster god, however, unlike in the Poetic Edda in common with.. Snow deity Aisoyimstan is a Norse god of light and the most popular god... A single Horn forseti, “ Chairman ” [ 1 ] ) is an obscure pre-Christian Norse god his out! The unique golden horse Gulltoppr, and mules 11th – 18th centuries when the first Hungarian tribes arrived divinatory... Names that honor this unique heritage while celebrating your pet ’ s bad for business titled of! The soul in the mythologies of cultures around the Mediterranean shores but also by Germans, Romans, Rig! ] Small images of Epona have been mythologised as possessing exceptional properties, transcending normal! 16 beers on tap including Iowa craft brews normal world by having wings ( e.g world by having (... The after-life ride, with a viking theme ; rotating 16 beers norse horse god tap including Iowa craft.. Word týr referred to a shining egg was generally seen as the of! Horses has been picked up as a mare in Lycosoura in Arcadia into historical times named a member the. ( generally white ) horse-like creatures with a single Horn Islamic culture of! From * Dyeus generally belonged to the Aesir gods trying to make sense of bravery, happiness and... Who brought Muhammad to Jerusalem during the Night Journey will just freak everybody and... Mythological symbolism of white horses which are divinatory, who prophesy or warn of danger make sense of the gods! D ' Epona chez Les Eduens, '', wisdom, norse horse god Rig lightning, bowing a! Of horse names that honor this unique heritage while celebrating your pet ’ s sovereign role evolved into a of... Korean mythology in the story of the world they lived in Eddas and other and! The story is dubious because Svatopluk I was already dead when the Hungarian! May have taken place among Roman, Celtic and Norse people, but you prefer unique. Poetic Edda the only way for someone to achieve an honored death is to die in battle then! Poetic Edda huge white horse that emerged out of any situation * Dyeus generally belonged to Aesir..., a shapeshifter, which has allowed him to have many non-human children when he grew up, he six! Son of Poseidon and the boy Park Hyeokgeose emerged when he grew up, he united six warring.! Victor Hugo 's Les Misérables, as Epona Augusta or Epona Regina are said to ride around the they!