The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child is an important agreement by countries who have promised to protect children’s rights. All adults and children should have information about how to stay safe and healthy. The right to relax and play (Article 31) and the right to freedom of expression (Article 13) have equal importance as the right to be safe from violence (Article 19) and the right to education (Article 28). How many countries have ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child? Every child has the right to be alive. Prison should only be the last choice. Every child has the right to rest, relax, play and to take part in cultural and creative activities. It recognises all children must be treated fairly, equally and with dignity. Read and download the Convention on the Rights of the Child – the most widely ratified human rights treaty, We are all equally entitled to our human rights without discrimination. The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child is the most universally recognised set of standards for protecting the rights of children and numerous countries have agreed to abide by it. A child is any person under the age of 18. No child under 15 can join the army or take part in war. Aims. Governments must stop children being taken out of the country when this is against the law – for example, being kidnapped by someone or held abroad by a parent when the other parent does not agree. Children accused of breaking the law have the right to legal help and fair treatment. All children have all these rights, no matter who they are, where they live, what language they speak, what their religion is, what they think, what they look like, if they are a boy or girl, if they have a disability, if they are rich or poor, and no matter who their parents or families are or what their parents or families believe or do. Adults should listen and take children seriously. It should teach them to understand their own rights, and to respect other people’s rights, cultures and differences. Implementing and monitoring the Convention. 12 rights of a child: 1. Still, too many childhoods are cut short.Â. Children should be encouraged to go to school to the highest level possible. Children can join or set up groups or organisations, and they can meet with others, as long as this does not harm other people. Children can choose their own thoughts, opinions and religion, but this should not stop other people from enjoying their rights. They must commit to making sure every child, has every right. Governments should make sure that people and places responsible for looking after children are doing a good job. It took over the Geneva Declaration in 1946. Article 7 Children have the right to a legally registered name and nationality. States Parties shall respect the responsibilities, rights and duties of parents or, where applicable, the members of the extended family or community as provided for by local custom, legal guardians or other persons legally responsible for the child, to provide, in a manner consistent with the evolving capacities of the child, appropriate direction and guidance in the exercise by the child of the rights recognized in the … Article 1 of the United Nations Convention defines a child as anyhuman being below the age of eighteen years ‘unless,’ itadds, ‘under the law applicable to the child, majority isattained earlier’ (United Nations 1989). Children must be registered when they are born and given a name which is officially recognized by the government. Follow our efforts to raise awareness on our blog:. Children have the right to be protected from all other kinds of exploitation (being taken advantage of), even if these are not specifically mentioned in this Convention. Every child has the right to an education. This includes: Making sure that children are equal The United Nations (UN) was founded after World War II. We have codified measurement standards based on the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, and work hand-in-hand with local leaders and families to activate each of these rights so children can reach their full potential. Governments should make sure children are protected and looked after by their parents, or by other people when this is needed. Children have the right to be protected during war. Governments must protect children from taking, making, carrying or selling harmful drugs. When children are adopted, the most important thing is to do what is best for them. If the laws of a country protect children’s rights better than this Convention, then those laws should be used. Article 30: The rights of children belonging to ethnic, religious or linguistic minority groups. Children also have the right to know their parents and, as far as possible, to be cared for by them. Parents are the main people responsible for bringing up a child. Children must have a nationality (belong to a country). TEACHING ABOUT CHILDREN’S RIGHTS . In what follows thisdefinition will be assumed. Every child, regardless of their age, race, gender, wealth or birthplace, has rights. Child rights are based on what a child needs to survive, grow, participate and meet their potential. Rights of a child All children shall be entitled to the rights herein set forth without distinction as to legitimacy or illegitimacy, sex, social status, religion, political antecedents, and other factors. Governments should remove all obstacles for children with disabilities to become independent and to participate actively in the community. These articles explain how governments, the United Nations – including the Committee on the Rights of the Child and UNICEF - and other organisations work to make sure all children enjoy all their rights. Governments must do all they can to make sure that every child in their countries can enjoy all the rights in this Convention. Children's rights include, for example, health rights, their freedom of expression, their right to participate in all matters that directly influence their well-being or their right to be protected from any form of violence or discrimination. All children should have the means and the opportunity to develop to their full potential. If a child cannot be properly looked after in their own country – for example by living with another family – then they might be adopted in another country. Governments must protect children from violence, abuse and being neglected by anyone who looks after them. EU action to protect children's rights, including legal basis, policies and funding. The Convention forms a set of articles that highlight the minimum entitlements of all children. No child should be treated unfairly for any reason. In 1919, the League of Nations created a committee for the protection of children. Lesson Plans + Activities . Where a child has both parents, both of them should be responsible for bringing up the child. Find out how much you know about child rights! Parents can guide children so that as they grow up, they learn to properly use this right. Next, they read some of the fundamental rights, share missing information and complete the gaps in their text. Survival and development are not just basic needs of children, but fundamental human rights. Children have the right to their own identity – an official record of who they are which includes their name, nationality and family relations. Secondary and higher education should be available to every child. Every child who cannot be looked after by their own family has the right to be looked after properly by people who respect the child’s religion, culture, language and other aspects of their life. There should be lots of solutions to help these children become good members of their communities. The Convention includes the responsibilities of parents, governments and children themselves to ensure the rights of children … All the rights are connected, they are all equally important and they cannot be taken away from children. Children have the right to use their own language, culture and religion - even if these are not shared by most people in the country where they live. To teach learners about children's rights; To … Violations of children’s rights remain tragically common across the world. It’s become the most widely ratified human rights treaty in history and has helped transform children’s lives around the world. All children in Jamaica have rights. 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