Whether you make your own kit or buy a professional kit, an earthquake survival kit will bring security during that time. To create an effective plan, you should consider the questions below: Step 2: Plan to be safe by creating a disaster plan and deciding how you will communicate in an emergency. Prepare yourself … Know the evacuation routes not only from your home but from your work, children’s schools, neighborhoods and … Secure top-heavy furniture and shelving units to prevent tipping. Do not move around or kick up dust. The contents of your home may be damaged and can be dangerous: Shaking can make light fixtures fall, refrigerators and other large items move across the floor, and bookcases and television sets topple over. The USGS Earthquake Hazards Program - investing in a safer future; 2003; FS; 017-03; Filson, John R.; McCarthy, Jill; Ellsworth, William L.; Zoback, Mary Lou; Stauffer, Peter H.; Hendley, James W., II, Progress toward a safer future since the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake; 1999; FS; 151-99; Page, Robert A.; Stauffer, Peter H.; Hendley, James W., II. is the most widely distributed publication ever prepared by the U.S. Geological Survey. Nine years after it’s publication, it is still available from the USGS, and still helpful as a preparedness guide for Bay Area residents. Composite photo of 1906 damaged buildings and modern family in foreground, Example of a home emergency first aid kit. What to do before an earthquake? Stay away from windows, fireplaces, and heavy furniture or appliances, and do not use elevators. What to do ahead of the earthquake First of all, register at your embassy. They may create a spark that could ignite leaking gas and cause an explosion and fire, DO NOT use your telephone, EXCEPT for a medical or fire emergency. The 7.8-magnitude Ecuadorean earthquake and the Japanese quake … The 2014 Working Group on California Earthquake Probabilities calculated that there is a 33-percent likelihood of a large (magnitude 6.7 or... With innovations, fresh data, and lessons learned from recent earthquakes, scientists have developed a new earthquake forecast model for California, a region under constant threat from potentially damaging events. So there only one thing left in our hand is that we should be prepared to escape the earthquake by itself. DO NOT turn on the gas again if you turned it off; let the gas company do it DO NOT use matches, lighters, camp stoves or barbecues, electrical equipment, appliances UNTIL you are sure there are no gas leaks. Scientists are not able to predict where and when the next earthquake will be, which means you won’t receive a warning before an earthquake hits or have any time to plan what to do to be safe. There are no open areas in downtown San Francisco far enough from glass or other falling debris to be considered safe refuge sites. Before an earthquake Movement of the ground seldom is the actual cause of death or injury. ShakeOut GIF showing step seven "reconnect and restore" of the seven steps to earthquake safety. What not to do in an earthquake There's a lot of misinformation out there, and it's understandable to be confused. Earthquakes can be deadly - especially to those who don't know how to behave when the shaking starts. Don’t Freak Out--ShakeOut! If you are in bed when an earthquake starts, do not get out of bed. Earthquake Preparation: What to Do Before, During and After a Quake ... do not run outside during the earthquake. A loud rumbling may be heard several seconds before the earthquake. Robin Lewis. Despite advances in science and technology, we are not able to pre-detect the earthquakes. This includes making up a family meeting place in the event the family is separated from each other, and listing phone numbers of emergency contacts to call in case something were to happen. Do not try to run out of the structure during strong shaking. Be UPDATES. In a new video interview, USGS earthquake scientist Dr. Lucy Jones explains that millions of Southern Californians will be preparing as if they do know, thanks to the Great Southern California ShakeOut. Discuss earthquake insurance with your insurance broker. or move into a hallway or against an inside wall. Earthquakes strike suddenly, violently and without warning. In the United States, 1 in 4 people live with the risk of earthquakes. If your home is equipped with natural gas: tie or tape the appropriate wrench on or near the pipe, to turn off the gas, if necessary. Do not drink from the bottle if the seal is broken or twisted. You may have several options. Failure of unreinforced brick masonry caused collapse of the upper floor in downtown Los Gatos. Get under a desk or table and hang on to it ( Drop, Cover, and Hold on! ) If you are downtown, it is safer to remain inside a building after an earthquake unless there is a fire or gas leak. What To Do Before, During, and After an Earthquake Recent earthquakes remind us that we live on a restless planet. What to do during an earthquake Drop, cover, and hold on! Most casualties result from partial building collapses, falling objects and debris, like toppling chimneys, falling bricks, ceiling plaster, and light fixtures. Nine Things NOT to Do. Do you know what to do the moment the ground starts shaking? Before an Earthquake It … These hazards include sudden-onset hazards, such as earthquakes, and slowly emerging, chronic hazards, such as those associated with climate change. Go through your home, imagining what could happen to each part of it, if shaken by a violent earthquake. Discuss earthquake insurance with your insurance broker. Earthquake? Shout only as a last resort. Broken gas lines and fire don't mix. Boston was heavily damaged. DON'T run downstairs or rush outside while... Detweiler, S.T., and Wein, A.M., eds., 2017, The HayWired earthquake scenario—Earthquake hazards (ver. If you live or work in the region, you need to know why you should be concerned with earthquakes, what you can expect during and after a quake, and what... PAGER (Prompt Assessment of Global Earthquakes for Response) is an automated alarm system being developed to rapidly and accurately assess the severity of damage caused by an earthquake and to provide emergency relief organizations, government agencies, and the media with an estimate of the societal impact from the potential catastrophe. The U.S. Geological Survey and its partners are designing innovative tools to better detect earthquakes and share critical information. The involvement of citizens is key, as decisions made before and immediately after an earthquake can save lives and protect property. Los Angeles will have the nation's toughest earthquake safety rules, ESC Seminar: HayWired Scenario Progress Discussion. Johnson said Alaskans should generally follow a simple mantra when an earthquake hits: " … The recent (and almost back-to-back) series of deadly earthquakes in Japan and Ecuador have brought the importance of earthquake preparedness back into mainstream thought once again. What are the Great ShakeOut earthquake drills? Although the world sees about 15 earthquakes a year above a magnitude of 7, it’s certainly unusual to see them happen so close to each other. Monitor the situation from the radio. Before. What can I expect in my house when an earthquake occurs? Before an earthquake, families should learn what to do during an earthquake, which is “Drop, Cover, and Hold On.” • DROP to the ground quickly. While the 4.3 magnitude earthquake centred about 20 kilometres north of Victoria did not cause much damage, it was a stark reminder that if the big one hits everyone needs to be prepared. If you are in a high-rise building during an earthquake, do not use an elevator to try to escape. Stay away from buildings (stuff might fall off the building or the building could fall on you). Photo taken on main rupture strand near Buhman Rd. They may not be available. Tap on a pipe or wall so rescuers can locate you. STAY CLEAR of windows, fireplaces, and heavy furniture or appliances. With the help of the seismograph, we can only measure the magnitude of an earthquake. Man standing in front of collapsed home in Pengzhou. United States Geological Survey (USGS) Natural Hazards Response; 2012; FS; 2012-3061; Lamb, Rynn; Jones, Brenda K. Understanding risk and resilience to natural hazards; 2011; FS; 2011-3008; Wood, Nathan. Check yourself and others for injuries. Instead, lie face down to protect vital organs, and cover your head and neck with a pillow. DO NOT stand in a doorway: An enduring earthquake image of California is a collapsed adobe home with the door frame as the only standing part. Tie the water heater to studs along with other heavy appliances (stove, washer, dryer), especially those that could break gas or water lines if they shift or topple. 1.2, December 2018): U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2017–5013–A–H, 126 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20175013v1. DO NOT expect firefighters, police or paramedics to help you. Cover your mouth with a handkerchief or clothing. Clearly label the on-off positions for the water, electricity and gas. Most injured persons in earthquakes move more than five feet during the shaking. As soon as the shaking stops, take the fastest and safest way out. Expect AFTERSHOCKS. Field, E.H., and 2014 Working Group on California Earthquake Probabilities, 2015, UCERF3: A new earthquake forecast for California’s complex fault system: U.S. Geological Survey 2015–3009, 6 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/fs20153009. At least 709 deaths resulted from earthquake activity worldwide in 2007, according to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and confirmed by the United Nations Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). Pavement buckling and tented sidewalk resulting from ~14 cm of compression on Sandybrook Ln., north end of main rupture. Teach everybody in the family (if they are old enough) how to turn off the water and electricity. Earthquakes? Fire is a real danger during the aftermath of an earthquake, when firefighters will likely be overwhelmed with other calls. Affix mirrors, paintings and other hanging objects securely, so they won't fall off hooks. With a press run of more than three million copies, "The Next Big Earthquake In The Bay Area May Come Sooner Than You Think-- Are You Prepared?" Putting down roots in earthquake country-Your handbook for earthquakes in the Central United States; 2011; GIP; 119; Contributors: Dart, Richard; McCarthy, Jill; McCallister, Natasha; Williams, Robert A. As people return to their work and homes, it’s always good to brush up on some basic dos and don’ts for during and after an earthquake. Many of these conditions can be prevented by taking a … Closed curtains and blinds will help stop broken window glass from falling on beds. What emergency supplies do I need for an earthquake? 2004 Deadliest in Nearly 500 Years for Earthquakes, "The Next Big Earthquake" — Still Helpful and Still Available; From USGS, Damage in central Oklahoma from a magnitude 5.6 earthquake in 2011, 2014 South Napa CA M6 Earthquake - August 24, 1906 San Francisco Earthquake - Damage with Family in Foreground, DO NOT turn on the gas again if you turned it off; let the gas company do it, DO NOT use matches, lighters, camp stoves or barbecues, electrical equipment, appliances UNTIL you are sure there are no gas leaks. Doorways do not protect you from the most likely source of injury − falling or flying objects. Damaged unreinforced masonry building on Main St. in Napa Downtown. The ShakeOut Scenario; 2008; OFR; 2008-1150; Jones, Lucile M.; Bernknopf, Richard; Cox, Dale; Goltz, James; Hudnut, Kenneth; Mileti, Dennis; Perry, Suzanne; Ponti, Daniel; Porter, Keith; Reichle, Michael; Seligson, Hope; Shoaf, Kimberley; Treiman, Jerry; Wein, Anne, Putting down roots in earthquake country : your handbook for the San Francisco Bay region; 2005; GIP; 15; Geological Survey (U.S.). House damage in central Oklahoma from the magnitude 5.6 earthquake on Nov. 6, 2011. Most earthquake-related injuries and deaths are caused by falling or flying objects (such as TVs, lamps, glass, or bookcases), or by being knocked to the ground. Don't shut off the gas unless there is a leak or a fire. Keep flammable items and household chemicals away from heat and where they are less likely to spill. Staying Safe After an Earthquake. Research conducted by USGS geophysicist Elizabeth Cochran and her university-based colleagues suggests that this earthquake was induced by injection into deep disposal wells in the Wilzetta North field. The primary goal of U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Natural Hazards Response is to ensure that the disaster response community has access to timely, accurate, and relevant geospatial products, imagery, and services during and after an emergency event. If the phone doesn't work send someone for help. If you do nothing else: If away from home, return only when authorities say it is safe to do so. Credit: Brian Sherrod, USGS. This is the initial publication of the results of a cooperative project to examine the implications of a major earthquake in southern California. "Stay in bed," said Sam Johnson, preparedness specialist with the American Red Cross of Alaska. What is the "Triangle of Life" and is it legitimate? Step 3: Organize disaster supplies in convenient locations. If the gas is turned off, it must be turned on again by a qualified tradesperson. Injuries can be avoided if you drop to the ground before the earthquake drops you. Identify safe places in each room of your home. CHECK FOOD AND WATER SUPPLIES--Do not eat or drink anything from open containers near shattered glass. Develop a family earthquake plan. EVACUATE. 1) Severe earthquakes have occurred in the eastern U.S.: In November of 1755, an earthquake with an estimated magnitude of 6.0 and a maximum intensity of VIII occurred about 50 miles northeast of Boston, Massachusetts. Now that you know what to do, make sure you also know what not to do: Do not run outside Do: Shelter in place using Drop, Cover and Hold On; Do not … Know what to do in each stage. This handbook provides information to residents of the Central United States about the threat of earthquakes in that area, particularly along the New Madrid seismic zone, and explains how to prepare for, survive, and recover from such events. Know/have an evacuation plan once an earthquake hits, including where to go, what to do, and what to bring in a go-bag Secure any objects within your home or office that might fall during an earthquake An earthquake shook buildings in the Indian capital of New Delhi on Monday, witnesses said. But there are many important things we can do before, during, and after an earthquake to protect ourselves, our homes, and our families. That’s over 225 earthquakes a year! What to Do Before an Earthquake. Check your coverage - it could affect your financial ability to recover losses after an earthquake. 6. Tips. Your earthquake safety plan will provide for you and your loved ones during the shaking and what happens after an earthquake. What to do AFTER an earthquake? Put anti-skid pads under TVs, computers and other small appliances, or secure them with Velcro or other such product. If you are INDOORS -- STAY THERE! Use a whistle if one is available. USGS Natural Hazards Programs: Lessons Learned for Reducing Risk; 1995; FS; 061-95; Hays, Walter W. Geographic Names Information System (GNIS), Mapping, Remote Sensing, and Geospatial Data. To accomplish this goal, products and services provided by the National Geospatial Program (NGP)... Natural hazards threaten the safety and economic wellbeing of communities. Check off the items that you have completed in this list. Unfortunately, most people aren't in an open meadow when earthquakes hit. If the gas is turned off, it must be turned on again by a qualified tradesperson. What can I do to be prepared for an earthquake? Generally, an earthquake is divided into three stages: before, during, and after. After an earthquake, the disaster may continue. If you're in a car, stop the car and stay inside the car until the earthquake stops. These few seconds could provide you with the chance to move to a safer location. What to do Before an Earthquake A well-designed earthquake plan is essential for effective preparedness. Use child-proof or safety latches on cupboards to stop contents from spilling out. Drop, Cover, and Hold On! Don't shut off the gas unless there is a leak or a fire. What to do before an earthquake Safety during an earthquake and aftershocks is all about what you do to prepare your family and property before the earthquake. Collection of USGS still images taken after the January 17, 1994 Northridge earthquake highlighting the damage to buildings and infrastructure. From this came our belief that a doorway is … What can be done? Left-stepping en echelon fractures characteristic of right-lateral fault displacement at the ground surface. There are four basic steps you can take to be more prepared for an earthquake: Step 1: Secure your space by identifying hazards and securing moveable items. If power is off, plan meals to use up foods that will spoil quickly or frozen foods (food in the freezer should be good for at least a couple of days) … Move only a few steps to a nearby safe place. Stay on your floor, and take cover under a large piece of furniture. IDENTIFY: Look around your house for things that could fall or move. The HayWired scenario is a hypothetical earthquake sequence that is being used to better understand hazards for the San Francisco Bay region during and after an earthquake of magnitude 7 on the Hayward Fault. The "Triangle of Life" is a misguided idea about the best location a person should try to occupy during an earthquake. What should I NOT do during an earthquake? Make sure everyone in the house knows what to do during an earthquake. 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