(And Can You Sell Them? Biotechnology is the use of biomechanical methods to modify genetic material so they will perform new functions. A classic example of the application of biotechnology is the creation of genetically modified organisms (GMOs), also called transgenics. The science involved includes the use of these tools for research to find different or more efficient ways of maintaining human health, understanding pathogens, and understanding human cell biology. 5. This is practiced not only for crop plants but also for medicinal plants. What is Energy Efficiency, Energy Efficiency Ratio and Energy Efficient Lighting? With an increase in the world’s population, there is a need for the food sources available to be as effective as possible to produce as much food in as little space as possible. Some plants, such as corn, can be used in place of petroleum to produce chemicals. Amongst other materials with the same cross-sectional width, spider webs can take more tensional force before breaking than even steel. Many useful Biotech products are also proteins or are made by proteins. Biotechnology helps in the production of crops that can handle abiotic stress such as cold, drought, salinity, etc. Yellow Biotechnology relates to the use of biotechnology in food production, for example, in making wine, cheese, and beer by fermentation. According to the Biotechnology Innovation Organization, “Biotechnology is technology based on biology – biotechnology harnesses cellular and biomolecular processes to develop technologies and products that help improve our lives and the health of our planet. It produces biotech-derived cotton, which is warmer, stronger, wrinkle & shrink-resistant and has improved dye uptake and retention, enhanced absorbency. The method is more cost-effective than using cells or extracting these antibodies from animals as the plants can produce these antibodies in larger quantities. We have used the biological processes of microorganisms for more than 6,000 years to make useful food products, such as bread and cheese, and to preserve dairy products.”. Likewise, biotech has been used to make improvements to other common ornamental plants, in particular, shrubs and trees. Blue Biotechnology is based on the use of marine resources to create products and applications in the potentially huge range of sectors to benefit from the use of this kind of biotechnology. Bioethics. Industrial Biotechnology. The field usually leads to the development of new drugs and treatments, novel to the field. This silk has created much interest in the possible production of materials made from silk, including body armor such as bulletproof jackets. An example of this application is the production Golden Rice where the rice is infused with beta-carotene. These include applications in multiple fields, from agricultural practice to the medical sector. The resultant methane can be utilized in other industrial processes or as fuel. Biotechnology is generally involved in changing the genes of a an organism to get the desired result. Enzymes are proteins produced by all organisms. Examples of Biotechnology tools used globally in plant breeding Genetic engineering is used produce transgenic/genetically modified (GM) plants containing unique characteristics. Yellow Biotechnology relates to the use of biotechnology in food production, for example, in making wine, cheese, and beer by fermentation. Biotechnology also has many industrial applications, such as fermentation, the treatment of oil spills, and the production of biofuels. In Africa and the Middle East, for instance, where the climate can be unforgiving, the practice has played a significant role in the development of crops that can withstand the prevailing harsh climates. It involves the study of bacteria, plant & animal cells, to first understand the way they function at a fundamental level. According to the Biotechnology Industry Organization, there are more than 250 biotechnology products available, including medicines, vaccines, fertilizers, pest-resistant crops, bio-fuels and bio-defense products. One of the materials with the strongest tensile strength is spider webs. Environmental biotechnology is the technology used in waste treatment and pollution prevention that can more efficiently clean up many wastes compared to conventional methods and significantly reduce our dependence on methods for land-based disposal. Biotechnology involves the production of alcohol, detergents, cosmetic products, etc. The Bt protein is the desired characteristic scientist would like the plants to have, and for this reason, they identified the gene causing Bt protein to express in the fungus and transferred it to corn. These organisms had their genetic code altered (usually by combining with genes from other organisms), in order to eliminate defects and develop new properties. Biotechnology is particularly vital when it comes to the development of minuscule and chemical tools, as many of the tools biotechnology uses exist at the cellular level. Biopiracy 8. Genetically Modified Food 3. manipulation (as through genetic engineering) of living organisms or their components to produce useful usually commercial products (such as pest resistant crops, new bacterial strains, or novel pharmaceuticals Biotechnology: Application # 1. Biotechnology is used in the textile industry for the finishing of fabrics and garments. The desired enzyme can be manufactured in commercial quantities using biotechnology. Biotechnology includes practices and discoveries in the fields of medicine, industry, agriculture and in the care of the environment. It causes the body to react as if it was under attack from the non-attenuated version of the disease. The attenuated disease pathogens are extracted using biotechnological techniques such as growing the antigenic proteins in genetically engineered crops. Founded Conserve Energy Future with the sole motto of providing helpful information related to our rapidly depleting environment. Over the last decade, scientists have been able to modify plants, organisms, human beings as well as animals using various techniques and tools of biotechnology. ), Can You Recycle Lotion Bottles? With this initiative, it makes production quite easier as goats are much easier to handle compared to spiders, and the creation of silk via milk also helps make the processing and handling much convenient compared to handling the actual silk strands. The reason for this is that the fungus produces a protein (Bt), which is very effective against pests such as the European corn borer. You have certainly made a good decision if you have decided that you want to grow your own organic garden. I need a few examples of biotechnology, not genetic engineering, they are two different things, i already have fermentation i just need a few more, can anyone help? Primarily, it is used for finding cures as well as getting rid of and preventing diseases. Single Cell Protein (SCP) 6. ), Can You Recycle Trophies? Sustainable Agriculture 4. From its inception, biotechnology has maintained a close relationship with society. 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