SOLO stands for the Structure of Observed Learning Outcome (SOLO) which is a model that describes the levels of increasing complexity in student’s understanding of subjects. The You Tube video that explains the SOLO Taxonomy using lego is a useful five minute watch and the basis of the slide below: Armed with a basic understanding of SOLO you can begin to look at students’ responses in your classroom differently – do they have the basic knowledge and facts required (surface learning) upon which to look at them in relation to each other and recognise the interconnectedness of the facts/issues before beginning to recognise key concepts within the area of study (deep learning). To enable students to re-watch critical sections, this is being watched through the video library service ClickView and embedded into the College Moodle site for ease of access to students.. With different starting points in every class Helen used SOLO Stations to provide different routes and activities for learners to make the progress that is next for them. papers Background to the new exam Each station is differentiated into levels on the taxonomy and pupils manage their progression by moving around the room once they've met each stations success criteria. | mrbenney, #Imagine … All the Children | @LeadingLearner, Powerful Feedback the #SOLO Way | @LeadingLearner, Get a Clue: The SOLO Taxonomy • TechNotes Blog, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License, CLT 2.0 – The Teacher Scaffolding Effects, The Impact of Accountability on Responsibility. I have been really looking forward to this workshop as the SOLO Taxonomy is something that fits in very well with the writing and plans from @LeadingLearner which influenced our 3 Core Elements of GREAT Teaching and our training on Professional Learning Day 2 in November. Learn how your comment data is processed. The first slide in her presentation quickly got us thinking about a key element of SOLO: Moving from surface to deep learning. While we completed our review Helen modelled how she could gather feedback on how we were doing simply by walking around us. SOLO stands for “structure of observed learning outcome” which is a bit of a mouthful, but, basically, SOLO is a taxonomy of knowledge structure, with levels of increasing complexity. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. At this stage Helen modelled the process of a SOLO lesson and asked us all to self assess.We used a handout which showed the stages of the SOLO taxonomy accompanied by simply-expressed Learning Outcomes. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. There are two main features in the SOLO Taxonomy: modes of … 11. The SOLO Taxonomy can help us all on the journey to expertise. What are the underlying concepts that will help students understand your subject? It aids both trainers and learners in understanding the learning process. Most of the changes to education over the past thirty years have been to do with the structure of education, in a country or state, and the curriculum offer. I find it helpful to think about the SOLO levels like this when I am looking at the results from plagiarism detection software while marking assigned work. This really made sense for us in seeing how the taxonomy helped a teacher to think through the stages and levels of understanding that built up to the Extended Abstract. How does this knowledge link together? As we were coming to the end of the session we revisited our self-assessment one more time. SOLO, which stands for the Structure of the Observed Learning Outcome, is a means of classifying learning outcomes in terms of their complexity, enabling us to assess students’ work in terms of its quality not of how many bits of this and of that they got right. Page 2. ( Log Out /  Love the approach of introducing SOLO to the staff. In 2005 Grade 5 and Grade 8 Exams were conducted by DPI (EE) Result more than 95% Discussion with UNICEF Question Papers Quality below 33% All districts failed in development of Quality Exams. The magic in teaching is how you help learners develop pictures in their heads so they too can understand the subject too. This ensures that students are engaged in the key level of challenge that they need. Helen really clearly took us through the five stages, reminding us we are always aiming for the next step up: Following this input Helen asked us to revisit our self-assessment and make the second mark (you can see mine above with a tick and the note ‘MID’ to show the middle of our learning). Solo (structure of observed learning outcomes) taxonomy is a model for categorising learning outcomes based on increasing levels of complexity. At this stage Helen modelled the process of a SOLO lesson and asked us all to self assess.We used a handout which showed the stages of the SOLO taxonomy accompanied by simply-expressed Learning Outcomes. Helen told us that this approach makes you think really deeply about your planning. SOLO Stations. ( Log Out /  Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Going back to my clothes analogy, “What are the rails on which you will hang the subject knowledge so it is coherently organised and linked in your mind?”, History is all about … Why the world is the way it is. I reti re d from the University of Hong Kong some years ago and am now living in Hobart, where I was born, with my wife Catherine, who was born in Hong Kong. SOLO Taxonomy as Part of Planning Lessons. Am thinking of either preparing a CPD on this for the school or bringing a specialist in. Pedagogy Focus: Teaching styles Opinion: How to develop habits of creative thinking Students begin at the pre-structural level, where understanding is simple or non-existent, and move to a point called the “extended abstract”, where learning is creative an… SOLO TAXONOMY . Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Structure of observed learning outcome (SOLO) taxonomy, which was presented by Biggs and Colis (1982) as an alternative to Bloom’s cognitive domain classification, is used for this examination. The rubric used to assess your ePortfolio is based on the SOLO taxonomy. Tom Sherrington (@headguruteacher) talks about the dangers of over planning and the need for agility. Symposium is a type of (a) Discovery method (b) Discussion method (c)Lecture method The most telling result here is that the majority of the students overwhelming rated SOLO Taxonomy as very useful in assisting them in the forum discussion debate. I love teaching and working with other teachers to provide the very best for our students. SOLO TAXONOMY. Very interesting, I’m currently redesigning a curriculum and really like the use of SOLO, this will make a meeting on Thursday very productive. What does GREAT differentiation look like? Students are passive in (a) Project method (b) Discovery method (c)Lecture method (d) Inquiry method Answer is = c. 13. Change ). It was developed by John Biggs as an alternative to Bloom’s taxonomy of knowledge. papers You can see more about SOLO on his blog. SOLO Stations. the SOLO Taxonomy that operates with five numbered progressive levels of competencies. In summary, research literature around effective classroom practice tells us that powerful learning comes from cognitive experiences. Background to the new exam system. Thanks also… The research has been complied with the ‘case study’ qualitative research pattern, and observation and document analysis technique was used. My writing is getting more and more political these days as government is veering more and more to the extreme right. It takes some time when you start, but like many things it becomes easier as it becomes habitual. Bloom received both a bachelor’s and master’s degree from Pennsylvania State University in 1935. What is Solo Taxonomy and why is it here? Solo Taxonomy: Developing Student Thinking Introduction to the SOLO Taxonomy "The SOLO taxonomy is a model that describes levels of increasing complexity in students’ thinking and understanding. ( Log Out /  one, which was presented in 2001. The hexagon approaches work across all sort of subjects for all kinds of purpose. However, many of these curriculum changes have influenced the subjects offered in schools rather than affecting the diet received in the classroom by students. The cycle of self-assessment, learning and review was clear but Helen warned us that some students need extra guidance and practice in accurate self-assessment. Bloom’s taxonomy is a skeleton that was constructed to categorize the goals of any curriculum in terms of explicit and implicit cognitive skills and abilities. Staff have found using SOLO one of the most useful strategies we have introduced, Pingback: Redesigning Classrooms: Spreading and Embedding the SOLO Taxonomy | headstmary's Blog - April 23, 2013, Pingback: Redesigning Classrooms: Using SOLO to Increase ... - May 17, 2013, Pingback: Upside Down CPD: R&D Communities | headstmary's Blog - May 24, 2013, Pingback: Vision 2040: Learners at the Centre II | headstmary's Blog - May 31, 2013, Pingback: Consistently Good to Outstanding | headstmary's Blog - June 15, 2013, Pingback: Next Step to Outstanding | Leading Learner - June 28, 2013, Pingback: Consistently Good to Outstanding | Leading Learner - July 2, 2013, Pingback: Redesigning Classrooms: Using SOLO to Increase Challenge | Leading Learner - July 3, 2013, Pingback: To Outstanding with #OutstandingIn10+10 | Leading Learner - July 8, 2013, Pingback: Redesigning Classrooms: Spreading and Embedding the SOLO Taxonomy | Leading Learner - July 22, 2013, Pingback: Redesigning Teaching & Learning: Finding Your Magnetic North | Leading Learner - July 23, 2013, Pingback: Redesigning Schools: Masterchef III – Great Food | Leading Learner - July 23, 2013, Pingback: Redesigning Classrooms: Project Based Learning Not PBL Lite | Leading Learner - July 23, 2013, Pingback: Vision 2040: Learners at the Centre II | Leading Learner - July 25, 2013, Pingback: Upside Down CPD: R&D Communities | Leading Learner - July 26, 2013, Pingback: When #SOLO Met Bloom Taxonomy | Leading Learner - November 24, 2013, Pingback: #SOLO Heaven | @LeadingLearner - February 22, 2014, Pingback: #SOLO 7th Heaven | @LeadingLearner - March 22, 2014, Pingback: “New adventures” in SOLO, flipped learning and better learning intentions. SOLO Taxonomy – deepening learning Today’s Teaching & Learning Workshop was introduced by Helen Wolfenden, one of our MFL teachers. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. You may want to think about building a conceptual framework, to guide your curriculum and lesson planning, at a future INSET session. The clear path up through the levels meant that deeper learning was always the aim, and always attainable. Classroom Excellence Demands Destination Clarity. Hence when I taught dynamic equilibrium to my students I would get the students (reactants) to mill around before linking up a few boys and girls (the new product), only for them to break up (become reactants again) and new partnerships (products formed). I didn’t till I found them when doing some research on the internet). below: The rst one with the original Bloom’s taxonomy sturcutre . Students were familiar with the idea of relationships and what might affect them so it was a concrete example from which I could construct more conceptual understanding about reversible reactions, equilibrium and then its dynamic nature. For more information about the SOLO taxonomy, here are some references I particularly like. Over the past couple of months I've become increasingly interested in the concept of solo taxonomy and wish to express my thanks to Pam Hook @arti_choke for the explanation of how the taxonomy is best utilised in teaching and learning and for the excellent resources available on her fine website. Armed with an understanding of the SOLO Taxonomy and the conceptual framework and related knowledge of your subject teachers can begin to use excellent planning tools like the Teacher Toolkit Five Minute Lesson Planner to produce lessons with high challenge full of deep learning. More on this: What is Bloom's taxonomy? Helen was confident that this works really well and is a key part of the students themselves knowing how they are making progress – which really builds their confidence. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! It describes levels of increasing complexity in a learner's understanding of subjects that aids both instructors and learners in understanding the learning process. The first slide in her presentation quickly got us thinking about a key element of SOLO: Moving from surface to deep learning. Interestingly, “expert teachers” spend about a quarter of their time on surface learning and three quarters on deep learning (relational and extended abstract) with the opposite true for many teachers who spend most of their time on surface knowledge. It was proposed by academics Biggs and Collis (1982) after classifying student’s thinking across a range of ages and a range of subjects. Facts organised and related to each other? Because the hexagons have to link up the students identify why they see a link either directly where the two hexagons meet, or in three directions at the nodes shown below. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. As a young man, he was already an avid reader and curious researcher. SOLO taxonomy was presented by (a) Bloom (b) Krath whol (c)Simpson (d) Biggs & collis. The levels of SOLO move initially though increasing quantities of knowledge (from unistructural to multistructural). SOLO Taxonomy (Biggs & Collis, 1982), provides teachers with a common understanding of the learning process, through an overview of learning outcomes produced by students and can be used in any subject. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. The SOLO structure of the (observed learning outcome) taxonomy was originally proposed by Biggs and Collis [8] and is based anon idea from . If you want students to be clear about their learning you need the teacher to be clear first. I am looking forward to trying this with my groups over the coming weeks. This taxonomy is regarded as one of the crucial models that contribute to the curriculum development in the 21st century. It helps me to see the quality of the work. Here are a few more tweets staff came up with to help you along: Chemistry to me was all about “the relationship between particles and the factors affecting them”. Good luck. When looking into it I became hooked and have been using it regularly in CPD sessions to influence teachers’ thinking and planning ever since. Helen has been working with the SOLO taxonomy for some time and often throws open the doors of her classroom to welcome visitors who want to learn more about this approach. Email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by.! 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